Myristic acid , aswell alleged tetradecanoic acid , is a accepted saturated blubbery acid with the atomic blueprint CH3(CH2)12COOH. A myristate is a alkali or ester of myristic acid . Myristic acid is called afterwards the absurd Myristica fragrans.
Nutmeg adulate has 75% trimyristin, the triglyceride of myristic acid . Besides nutmeg, myristic acid is aswell begin in approach atom oil, attic oil, adulate fat and is a accessory basic of abounding added beastly fats. It is aswell begin in spermaceti, the crystallized atom of oil from the agent whale. It is aswell begin in the rhizomes of the Iris, including Orris root.
Myristic acid is frequently added co-translationally to the penultimate, nitrogen-terminus, glycine in receptor-associated kinases to advise the film localisation of the enzyme. The myristic acid has a abundantly top hydrophobicity to become congenital into the blubbery acyl amount of the phospholipid bilayer of the claret film of the eukaryotic cell. In this way, myristic acid acts as a lipid ballast in biomembranes.
The ester isopropyl myristate is acclimated in corrective and contemporary alleviative affairs area acceptable assimilation through the derma is desired.
Reduction of myristic acid yields myristyl aldehyde and myristyl alcohol.